Activity on the Papakāinga

Parihaka as a papakāinga, marae and destination for hui/wānanga/events  has since its establishment had the support of our people who are either descendants or followers maintaining and building on the legacy of the leaders Tohu Kākahi and Te Whiti o Rongomai.  These are demonstrated by the monthly Rā (days) and the entities to oversee the relevant kaupapa associated to Parihaka.

Te Rā o Tohu Kākahi – held monthly on the 19th on Toroanui Marae,


Te Rā o Te Whiti o Rongomai – held monthly on the 18th at both Te Niho o Te Atiawa and Te Paepae o Te Raukura,

Pōwhiri or mihi whakatau usually start from 9.30am on each day and hui are held in each house with manuhiri to discuss kaupapa relevant to Parihaka, as well as important issues facing our iwi/hapū/whānau nationally and internationally.

PIPF10 Day1-048

To support and encourage Reo Māori usage – the language of Tohu and Te Whiti; the language spoken in the morning session on the 18ths is normally Reo Māori.  After lunch when the kōrero recommences, English is then acceptable.

On the 19ths after the formal welcome into Mahi Kuare, the wharenui of Toroānui, the discussion includes English being spoken.

Wānanga are often held on the evening of the 18ths after 6.30pm karakia. The wānanga usually relate to waiata, kōrero and other kaupapa that enhance knowledge from a Parihaka perspective.

Tōpū TikangaAfter lunch each 19th representatives and whānau associated with each marae meet to  discuss issues that relate to the responsibility in maintaining the legacy and tīkanga associated to Tohu Kakahi and Te Whiti o Rongomai.

Parihaka Papakāinga Trust – hold monthly hui of trustees (generally the first Sunday or last Sunday of each month) to discuss and resolve issues that impact on the reservation especially in relation to infrastructure and land management.

Three Marae:   Each are autonomous with their own committees of management.

Takitūtū Marae – Te Paepae o Te Raukura

Paraahuka Marae – Te Niho o Te Atiawa

Toroanui Marae – Mahi Kuare, Te Raanui and Te Rangi Kāpuia

Parihaka Papakāinga Trust

The role of the Parihaka Papakāinga Trust is to;

Administer, maintain and develop property of the Parihaka Papakāinga Trust on behalf of its beneficiaries and the followers of Tohu Kākahi and Te Whiti o (Erueti) Rongomai.

In 1962 a total of 19.6070 hectares of land was set aside as a Maori Reservation under section 439 of the Maori Affairs Act 1953 and its administration is now subject to section 338(7) of Te Ture Whenua Act 1993 and the Maori reservations Act 1994.

The Parihaka land is known as ‘Parihaka Papakāinga’ in the Maori Land Court district of Aotea.

Maunga shots - 05

The Trustees are made up of two representatives from each of the three marae as well as six elected members.  Each of the marae determine their appointment process and term of their representative(s). Presently the trustees are;


Tina Mason (Chairperson)

Aroaro Tamati (Secretary)

Rawinia Leatherby

Kara Tuuta


Marae Representatives;

Te Paepae o Te Raukura, Takitūtū Marae – Dr Ruakere Hond and Tungia Mathieson (Treasurer)

Te Niho o Te Atiawa, Paraahuka Marae – Troy Wano and Tonga Karena

Toroānui – Potaua Rangitaawa,

Parihaka Papakainga Trustees

From left to right: Aroaro Tamati, Ruakere Hond, Rewi Aperi, Te Akau Wharehoka, Puna Wano-Bryant, Tina Mason, Potaua Rangitaawa and Sharon Cassidy


Te Hāpai Mana Tangata

Below are PDFs of documents pertaining to Te Hāpai Mana Tangata.

Te Hāpai Mana Tangata

Below are PDFs of documents pertaining to Te Hāpai Mana Tangata.

The Hāpai Mana Tangata (Code of Conduct policy) document approved by Parihaka Papakāinga Trust (the Trust) provides the following guidelines for determining the standard of behaviour deemed acceptable within the Parihaka papakāinga. Acceptable standards of behaviour should reflect:

a) the tikanga and knowledge of Parihaka in the late 1800s and early 1900s;
b) the shared learnings and experiences of Parihaka’s recent past;
c) the aspirations of the Parihaka community for its future development;
d) the norms of contemporary Māori society for personal and collective rights;
e) the parameters of legal authority of the reservation and social justice; and,
f) the Trust’s expectations for continuous improvement, leadership and integrity.

The standards are also guided by a core set of Parihaka-based principles associated with the legacy of Tohu Kākahi and Te Whiti o Rongomai. They form broad parameters of acceptable behaviour and practice, including:

  • non-violent conflict resolution;
  • equality and equity;
  • self-determination;
  • self-sufficiency; and,
  • collective and community development.

The Trust has a moral and legal responsibility to ensure the safety and well being of everyone on the papakāinga and also to role-model high standards of behaviour, attitude and commitment. We recognise the importance of maintaining consistency in a strong policy process for demonstrating good governance practice and continuing with the integrity of Te Tikanga established by Tohu, Te Whiti and the leaders of Parihaka. All Trustees and staff of the Parihaka Papakāinga Trust are expected to personally and professionally adhere to and exemplify the standards expressed here.

In return, the Trust has an expectation for a high standard of behaviour by beneficiaries, residents and others who visit or participate in activities associated with Parihaka Papakāinga. It is a two-way commitment that benefits everyone, as well as ensuring safety for all.

Te Hāpai Mana Tangata is made available to Trustees and beneficiaries to become fully familiar with its content.

Tōpū Tikanga

Tōpū Tikanga emerged out of a desire to work on the Legacy of Tohu and Te Whiti (mana kaupapa) whilst the Papakāinga Trust focus is on infrastructural and land development needs (mana whenua).

Tōpū Tikanga is made up of whānau members and supporters of the three marae who are actively involved in the 18ths and 19ths of each month.

Discussions fit clearly with tikanga issues that have an impact on the way whanau of the three marae contribute to the development of Parihaka.

Each house effectively has kaitiaki (caretakers) and each marae is autonomous in its responsibility, therefore sitting outside of the management of the Trust, but included in the infrastructure and organisational structure of the Trust and Tōpū.

Tōpū Tikanga provides a valuable forum for people to engage in active dialogue for the advancement of Parihaka.


Parihaka Papakāinga Masterplan

Screenshot 2015-06-11 14.31.55The development of a Masterplan for Parihaka comes with some unique differences to other papakāinga developments in Aotearoa.

Firstly it was undertaken by the Parihaka Papakāinga Trust as a means to address long standing infrastructure issues around power and water supply, wasterwater systems, roading and housing.

Signed off at respective agms held in 2013 and 2014 the Masterplan is based on the aspirations to grow the community of Parihaka with sustainable and affordable housing, quality infrastructure, economic initiatives, social cohesion and innovative environmentally friendly land management practices.

Also developed to support the continued legacy of Tohu Kākahi and Te Whiti o Rongomai – we encourage whānau to be involved by participating in wānanga/hui that are called or attending the Rā each month.

This project has been supported by funding from;

PKW Trust (Mapping Project)

TSB Community Grant

Te Puni Kōkiri Capability Grant


Screenshot 2015-06-11 14.32.41

Parihaka Housing Policy

The Parihaka Papakāinga Trust have been fielding over the recent years a number of requests by whānau to build homes on Parihaka, and for some their wish is to build on sites where their tūpuna may have previously resided.

There are a number of issues that have arisen as a result, that the Papakāinga Trust have had to take into due consideration;

  1. The present infrastructure within the papakāinga is presently at full capacity in terms of power supply.  Furthermore with the high water table the burial of more septic tanks is likely to increase potential health hazards;
  2. There are a number of issues that need to be resolved by the whānau seeking to occupy a site where there is a common tūpuna interest;
  3. The trust wants to encourage active engagement in the community and want assurance that whānau who intend to live at Parihaka are actively contributing to the kaupapa of Parihaka;
  4. The trust wants to ensure that new dwellings are of a certain standard to ensure they do not have diminish the aspiration to have quality sustainable housing at Parihaka.

In order to give some guidance around these issues the Trust has put into place a housing policy which was adopted at the 2013 AGM.  The Trust has also available housing application forms for new and pre-existing buildings.



Parihaka Resources

Below we will collate a list of resources pertaining to Parihaka.

Parihaka Photos

Here are some photos from Parihaka taken by Ruakere Hond between 2007 and 2016. They include photos of the Parihaka International Peace Festival, the Pahuatanga, Puanga Kai Rau Festival, the 18th and 19th and photos from the gardens.

Marae Contacts

There are currently three active marae on the Papakāinga. Below you find booking contact details for the marae.

Toroānui Marae

18 n 19 Sept 2008-25Main contact: Marlene Okeroa

Phone: (027) 367 8008

Address: Parihaka Raod, Pungarehu.


Te Niho o Te Atiawa – Parahuka Marae

DSC_7768Main contact: Maata Wharehoka

Phone: (027) 896 6759

Address: 249b Parihaka Rd, Pungarehu



Te Paepae o Te Raukura – Takitūtū Marae

18 n 19 Sept 2008-18Main contact: Hilda Ngaia

Phone: (06) 763 8844 (bookings)

Address: Parihaka Road, Pungarehu; PO Box 786, New Plymouth