- Role of the Parihaka Papakāinga Trust
- Reports on Reconciliation Process
- Key Documents for Reconciliation Process
- Events Coming Up
- Feedback for Reconciliation Process
- Presentation Video
- Feedback Report Hui Video
Parihaka and Negotiations with the Crown
For the last twenty odd years various Iwi within the Taranaki region have been in negotiation with the Crown to resolve the actions of the Government against them and to seek redress for their grievances. To date four of the eight Iwi have settled and three Iwi are close to finalising their settlements.
Within each of these settlements acknowledgements were made of their association with Parihaka and their subsequent loss and deprivation as part of their cultural redress. Those remedies among Iwi do not necessarily mean there is an impact on supporting the kaupapa of Parihaka.
Within Parihaka many hui have been held to see how the issues specific to Parihaka might be resolved as part of a redress process. Discussion even centred around the potential for Parihaka to undertake their own Treaty claim process. However the settlement process as it is presently stands is based on whakapapa, whānau, hapū and iwi association in relation to land claims.
During the earlier stages of the Treaty Settlement process for Taranaki Iwi dissent occurred between Taranaki Iwi and Parihaka because the process for registration to be considered a beneficiary of the Taranaki Iwi claim was based on whakapapa and did not recognise the unique situation of Parihaka.
Despite this initial conflict Taranaki Iwi recognised they had a responsibility to seek a resolution that would allow Parihaka to determine its own remedies should they so wish.
As a result the Taranaki Iwi Trustees and Claims Negotiators made a decision to withdraw from signing their settlement agreement until the Crown responded with an appropriate remedy to facilitate for Parihaka to seek redress from the Crown.
Taranaki Iwi met with representative of Parihaka who have become known as the Working Party to progress this position with the Crown.
This rōpu was established to progress discussions with Taranaki Iwi and to identify opportunities for negotiations with the Crown. The rōpu was made up of representatives from the three marae and the Parihaka Papakāinga Trust and included Ruakere Hond and Aroaro Tamati (Takitūtū Marae), Te Akau Wharehoka and Maata Wharehoka (Paraahuka Marae), Whakaarahia Koroheke (Toroānui Marae) and Amokura Panoho, Rawinia Leatherby and Rita Rukuwai (Parihaka Papakāinga Trust).
The Working Party oversaw the interaction between Parihaka and Taranaki Iwi Trust and Kawe Tutaki and the Crown
The Working Party also appointed Maata Wharehoka as their project manager to oversee a number of projects that provide advice and information to support the work of the Working Party, Kawe Tutaki and organise for various hui held at Parihaka. Dr Mihi Ratima also reported to the Working Party on her research.
The Working Party reported on its activity at the Tōpū Tikanga hui held on the afternoon of the 19th each month. The activity of the Working Party was supported by funding from the Office of Treaty Settlements.
Taranaki Iwi Trust, the Parihaka Papakāinga Trust and Parihaka Tōpu Tikanga wrote to the Minister of Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations, Minister for Culture and Heritage and the Attorney-General (“the Minister”) on 14 April 2014 outlining the aspiration of the Parihaka community to achieve self-sufficiency and reconciliation – a position whereby Parihaka can determine its own path and uphold the legacy of Tohu Kākahi and Te Whiti o Rongomai.
Taranaki Iwi proposed the establishment of a working group to identify and prioritise concrete initiatives to improve conditions at Parihaka, ensuring that they are targeted, measured and relevant.
This was supported by Minister Finlayson and after some discussion Kawe Tutaki was established with the following terms of reference agreed:
- Understand the aspirations of the Parihaka community;
- Formulate an approach for the Crown to assist Parihaka to build the capacity of its community to achieve its aspirations;
- Provide direction for the Crown to best support the enablement of Parihaka’s institutions;
- Engage with the Parihaka community, Taranaki Iwi, Crown agencies and interested parties for framing the broad approach to be reported; and
- Submit a report to the Attorney-General and the Minister for Māori Development as a basis for government consideration of potential support for the Parihaka community.
Membership of Kawe Tutaki was as follows:
- Dame Hon Tariana Turia (Chairperson) – Independent appointee
- Rt Hon Jim Bolger – Independent appointee
- Hon Mahara Okeroa – Taranaki Iwi appointee
- Amokura Panoho – Parihaka Papakainga Trust appointee
- Dr Ruakere Hond – Parihaka Tōpū Tikanga appointee
Kawe Tutaki attended a number of hui at Parihaka and reported to the community at the 2015 July Raa. The activity of Kawe Tutuki was funded by the Office of Treaty Settlements.
In order to inform negotiatons between the Crown and Parihaka, an agreement was reached that a Needs Analysis should be undertaken that would give an overview of the following;
- The significance of Parihaka
- Parihaka today
- Parihaka development plans
- Crown assistance
- Consultation with the Parihaka community
Dr Mihi Ratima was contracted to undertake this work and it was completed in June 2015. A presentation on her findings was made to Parihaka. Funding was provided from Te Puni Kōkiri.
Role of the Parihaka Papakāinga Trust
The role of the Parihaka Papakāinga Trust is to;
Administer, maintain and develop property of the Parihaka Papakāinga Trust on behalf of its beneficiaries and the followers of Tohu Kākahi and Te Whiti o (Erueti) Rongomai.
In 1962 a total of 19.6070 hectares of land was set aside as a Maori Reservation under section 439 of the Maori Affairs Act 1953 and its administration is now subject to section 338(7) of Te Ture Whenua Act 1993 and the Maori reservations Act 1994.
The Parihaka land is known as ‘Parihaka Papakāinga’ in the Maori Land Court district of Aotea.
The Trustees are made up of two representatives from each of the three marae as well as six independently elected members. Each of the marae determine their appointment process and term of their representative(s). However independent trustees have a three year term and can only be on the Trust for a consecutive period to the maximum of six years.
Presently the trustees are;
Aroaro Tamati (secretary)
Takitūtū – Dr Ruakere Hond and Moana Pedersen (Treasurer)
Paraahuka – Te Akau Wharehoka and Puna Wano-Bryant (Chairperson)
Toroānui – Potaua Rangitaawa and Rewi Aperi
Key Documents for Reconciliation Process
- Parihaka Cultural Development Report – July 2015 (PDF)
- Infrastructure Report – August 2016 (PDF)
- Cultural Development Priorities – August 2016 (PDF)
- Cultural Development Costs – September 2016 (PDF)
- Parihaka Existing Roads – August 2016 (PDF)
- Te Raukura Administration & Education Centre – August 2016 (PDF)
- Waste Water (PDF)
- Beating shame: Parihaka and the very long sorry – Rachael Buchanan (PDF)
- Summary of previous Crown apologies relating to Parihaka (PDF)
- Crown, local authority and Parihaka relationship agreement (PDF)
- DRAFT Relationship Agreement between Crown Parties, Local Authorities and Parihaka (PDF)
- DRAFT Legacy Statement – 24th February 2017 (PDF)
- Letter from Office of Treaty Settlements to Parihaka Papakāinga Trust in relation to interest, accountability arrangements and tax – 24th February 2017 (PDF)
- Parihaka Community Feedback Decision Presentation – 26th February 2017 (PDF)
- Letter to Parihaka Papakāinga Trust from Hon Christopher Finlayson – 13th July 2016 (PDF)
- Letter to Hon Christopher Finlayson from Parihaka Papakāinga Trust – 8th September 2016 (PDF)
- Letter to Parihaka Papakāinga Trust from Office of Treaty Settlements – 28th October 2016 (PDF)
- Letter to Parihaka Papakāinga Trust from Hon Christopher Finlayson – 25th November 2016 (PDF)
- Letter to Hon Christopher Finlayson from Parihaka Papakāinga Trust – 28th February 2017 (PDF)
Events Coming Up
This wānanga is held at Te Niho o Te Atiawa, 5.30pm. Please send your feedback to firstname.lastname@example.org or handwritten to PO Box 929 Taranaki Mail Centre New Plymouth – no later than 24 March 2017! A DRAFT Legacy Statement (dated 24th February 2017) is available here as a PDF.
The Parihaka Papakāinga Trust will present the Crown’s response and updates on Crown package. 1-4pm at Te Paepae o Te Raukura. The Trust sent a letter to Hon Christopher Finlayson on 28th February 2017 outlining Parihaka’s position.
Parihaka Reconciliation Engagement Programme
These hui will commence with a whakatau and kai, followed by a presentations by the Trustees of the Parihaka Papakāinga Trust. Please direct all queries to secretary Aroaro Tamati (email@example.com). Please also visit our website http://www.parihaka.maori.nz for all key documents, updated pānui and information.
- Toroānui Marae: Parihaka Reconciliation Engagement Programme (11th December 2016, 11am)
- Tāmaki Makaurau: Parihaka Reconciliation Engagement Programme (15th January 2017, 11am, Whaiora Marae, 14 Otara Road, Auckland)
- Te Niho o Te Atiawa: Parihaka Reconciliation Engagement Programme (22nd January 2017, 11am, Parihaka)
- Pōneke: Parihaka Reconciliation Engagement Programme (29th January 2017, 11am, Hīkoikoi Marae, Petone, Wellington)
- Te Paepae o Te Raukura: Parihaka Reconciliation Engagement Programme (5th February 2017, 11am, Parihaka)
- Taranaki Whānui: Parihaka Reconciliation Engagement Programme (12th February 2017, 11am, Aotearoa Marae, Hastings Road, Okaiawa, Taranaki ki Te Tonga)
- Taranaki Whānui: Parihaka Reconciliation Engagement Programme (12th February 2017, 5pm, Mururaupatu Marae, Te Arei Road, Waitara)
- Finalising of Feedback Report: Parihaka Reconciliation Engagement Programme (26th February 2017, 11am, Toroānui Marae, Parihaka)
We really encourage people to use the Google Feedback Form, however, if you prefer to do this with pen and paper, you can download a PDF version here and print it out.
Feedback for Reconciliation Process
Given this reconciliation process is unique there will be no voting based on a membership database. We seek to go a step further than ticking yes or no on a voting form and seek meaningful feedback which will be incorporated into a Feedback Report.
The Feedback questions are based on the information presented at the engagement hui and will provide an opportunity for the community of Parihaka near and far to participate. In addition to attending hui which in some cases will be livestreamed or pre-recorded people will have the opportunity to assess the information and provide their whakaaro right up until Friday 17 February 2017.
On Sunday 26 February the Papakainga Trust will present the findings of the Report which will provide a consensus on whether to accept and move forward with the Crown’s support package.
Please take a few minutes to fill out the feedback form. There are 15 questions we are seeking feedback on. Here is the link: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSc7jVD2N4KTT7DRb2Rvu8wO3DOzDKH69p2zi-kSoSHVu3M0jA/viewform
We really encourage people to use the Google Feedback Form, however, if you prefer to do this with pen and paper, you can download a PDF version here.
The Parihaka Papakāinga trustees have been traveling around Aotearoa with a presentation. The hui at Te Niho o Te Atiawa in January 2017 was filmed by Digital Mountain Media. You can watch it below.
Feedback Report Hui Video
The Parihaka Papakāinga Trust held a hui on 26th February 2017 at Toroānui Marae, presenting the findings of the feedback received by over 150 people.
The people sitting at the table are the Parihaka Papakāinga trustees. From left to right: Ruakere Hond, Puna Wano-Bryant, Tina Mason, Aroaro Tamati, Atahere Te Akau Wharehoka, Potaua Rangitaawa, Sharron Cassidy and Rewi Aperi, ensuring that Parihaka people from across the globe can be involved in the future of their Papakāinga
The video was filmed by Digital Mountain Media. You can watch it below.
The presentation is available here as a PDF.